Optimization of gut microflora leads to significant health benefits

Updated: Nov 29, 2020

Sufficient amount of beneficial gut microflora plays an important role to maintain the healthy life. Insufficient or imbalanced gut microflora may contribute to different diseases like constipation, diarrhea, immune system weakness, type II diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular aliments. Changes in the eating habits by adapting low fat and high fiber diet, regular exercise and intake of specified probiotics like (L. Plantarum) can significantly support the gut environment and would ultimately help to live the healthy life.

Gut microflora:

Human intestine contains tens of trillions of microorganisms generally called as gut microflora (microbiota). Almost one third of microflora is similar among human, while two thirds are individual specific. This difference in microflora is greatly contributed by dietary habits, active and non-active life styles.

Positive changes in the diet can positively affect the intestinal microflora. Changes in the gut microbial composition (dysbiosis) can lead to different illnesses ranging from common problem like indigestion towards more serious aliment like cancer.

Benefits of gut microflora:

a) It acts as controlling authority over the intestinal surface, which allows the essential nutrient to pass on and simultaneously inhibits the entry of pathogens (disease causing agents)

b) Several Vitamins which the human body cannot synthesis are produced by these microbes in the intestine and used for the metabolic functions of the host body

c) Due to involvement of gut microbe with dietary fiber fermentation they have major impact on the appetite regulation

d) Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by these microbes reduce the risk of incidence of type II diabetes

e) Low diversity in gut microflora plays a significant role in the development and progression of obesity, inflammatory bowel disease and type I diabetes

Dietary manipulation of gut microflora:

Different dietary components will be exerting different impact on the composition of the gut microflora.

Low fat high fiber:

The individuals consuming high fiber and low fat diets in comparison to the individuals consuming high fat and low fiber diets tends to have a smaller amount of pathogenic bacteria and a large amount of beneficial microbes.

Vegetarian diet:

Current researches have shown that vegetable based diets could increase the number of beneficial bacteria and simultaneously can support to decrease the ratio of pathogenic bacteria as compared to beneficial bacteria.

Pro and pre-biotics:

Probiotics are live micro-organisms that, when included adequately in the diet, bring a number of health benefits for the body. Probiotics can be supplied from variety of products, including foods (Yoghurt, Kefir), dietary supplements, or drugs.

Whereas, prebiotics are dietary components which enhance the development of the beneficial intestinal microflora and significantly reduce the growth of pathogenic organisms. Natural source of prebiotics can be supplied from banana, raw onion, apple and many vegetables.

Supplemental Probiotics:

Enrichment of diet with probiotic supplements is an effective technique to improve the intestinal microflora. Especially, for the consumers who are unable to improve their intestinal microflora through natural sources either due to health limitations or the natural sources are unable to satisfy their requirements sufficiently e.g. sportspersons.

Different investigations has concluded that use of product with one specified probiotic is more effect than the using a product with a mixture of probiotics

Lactobacillus plantarum is famous for its versatile functions in the gut. It produces different vitamins, and helps to avoid the incidences of constipation, cardiovascular ailments, obesity, type II diabetes, boost immunity and many other health benefits. Supplementation of L. Plantarum could be considered as an alternative to the naturally occurring probiotics.

Conclusions

Since the disbalance in the intestinal microflora may lead to different illnesses like constipation, diarrhea, cardiovascular problem, obesity and type II diabetes. Permanent change in the dietary habits and regular exercise is considered to be the proven strategy to maintain the healthy gut microflora. Moreover, fortification of diet with prebiotics (fibers diet) and probiotics (L. Plantarum) gives diversity to the gut environment and prevents the occurrence of diseases.

Summary

· Human gut has a tens of millions of microbes, beneficial or pathogenic (disease causing)

· Gut microflora influences many areas of human health from indigestion, appetite. regulation, energy and fat metabolism

· Targeting the gut microflora, with dietary fiber and probiotics, benefits human health and could potentially reduce risks of diseases

· Probiotic supplements (L. Plantarum)can be effective alternative among sportspersons and people combating with some disease condition

#daulatrehmankhan #guthealth

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